The following information is explained in Aveline Stokard’s class on 21Draw: https://www.21-draw.com/
Course Name: Mastering Lighting and Shading
Look at Color Palette Cinema on instagram @colorpalette.cinema
I found a similar group of color palettes for Disney movies at https://www.instagram.com/disneycolorpalettes/
Light and Shade
Direct Sunlight on sunny day comes in straight rays and creates sharp and distinct cast shadows
Diffused light on overcast day – light is not direct. Because the clouds are diffusing the rays, the light comes from multiple directions. The shadows are soft and blurred.
In the following image, you see bright, direct artificial light, reflected light, and contact shadow caused by the hand that blocks the light.
Color Fill Steps:
- draw outline with hard liner
- drag and drop color into that outline
[I discovered that I get a cleaner color fill if I draw the outline with Alan’s crisp brush]
Use Mask Tool to Work on a Layer in Non-Destructive Way
In the following image, an eraser removed the color in a masked area.
To draw or paint back into that area, paint back into that layer with a brush that is loaded with white paint.
The Clipping Mask Tool allows you to paint only in the layer beneath that tool
Best to create layers above the image and to add blend modes to those upper layers.
Aveline has 4 blend mode layers above her image: multiply, overlay, hard light, and add.
This mode multiplies the luminosity of the base color by the blend color. The result is an overall darker and more intense effect. Multiply produces different levels of darkening depending on the luminosity of the blend layer. Multiply is perfect for darkening images or creating shadows.
[When you add a color on a Multiply layer, the layer added is not restricted only to the color in the layer beneath, but when the color painted into a Multiply layer stretches on top of the color in the layer beneath, it will alter that layer. Blue in a Multiply layer over yellow will create green. The color that is multiplied will be transparently blended.]
Multiply is a subset of the Darken Blend Modes. It resides under the layer mode hood titled Darken.
Overlay works like a combination of Multiply and Screen. It both lightens and darkens images by shifting the mid-tones. Dark blend colors shift the mid-tones to darker colors. Light tones shift the mid-tones to brighter colors.
[The colors painted on a layer in Overlay mode will only be visible when they stretch over the colors in the layer beneath them. It is a way to enhance what is in the layer beneath.]
Much like Screen or Color Dodge, Add will produce an even stronger result. It looks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color. Add does this to reflect the blend color by increasing the brightness.
Hard Light is a combination of Multiply and Screen. It uses the brightness values of the Blend layer to make its calculations. Results with Hard Light tend to be more intense. As with all Blend Modes, reducing the layer’s opacity will soften the result.
If you use colors with more than 50% gray, you will add highlights If you use color that is less than 50% gray, the colors will blend, in a way similar to that in the Multiply mode.
[When your color palette is set to Classic, you see the color slider to alter a color’s grayness. That grayness slider is beneath the two-color strips.]
She recommends 2 completely different type of artists:
Daisuke Tsutsumi – The Dam Keeper
Pascal Campion – Mr. Peabody and Sherman